Pipelines are generally the most economical way to transport large quantities of natural gas, oil and refined oil products over land.
In particular, Natural Gas transmission pipelines transport natural gas from processing or storage facilities over long distances to domestic markets. The pipelines typically have wide diameters and operate under high pressure to optimise shipping capacity.
A network of distribution pipelines delivers gas from points along transmission pipelines to industrial customers, and from gate stations to customers in cities and towns. A distribution network typically consists of high, medium and low pressure pipelines.
Transporting natural gas from wellhead to market involves a series of processes and an array of physical facilities. Among these are:
Gathering Lines – These small-diameter pipelines move natural gas from the wellhead to the natural gas processing plant or to an interconnection with a larger mainline pipeline.
Processing Plant – This operation extracts natural gas liquids and impurities from the natural gas stream.
Mainline Transmission Systems – These wide diameter, long distance pipelines transport natural gas from the producing area to market areas.
Underground Storage Facilities – Natural gas is stored in depleted oil and gas reservoirs, aquifers and salt caverns for future gas.
Peak Shaving – System design methodology permitting natural gas pipeline to meet short-term surges in customer demands with minimal infrastructure. Peaks can be handled by using gas from storage or by short-term line-packing.
A chemical plant is an industrial process plant that manufactures (or otherwise processes) chemicals usually on a large scale. The general objective of a chemical plant is to create new material wealth via the chemical or biological transformation and or separation of materials. Chemical plants use specialized equipment, units, and technology in the manufacturing process.
Our comprehensive range of valves and actuation is well suited to meet the specific challenges of the chemical industries: extreme pressures and temperatures with corrosive and erosive materials in all types of environments. Our products meet the most stringent domestic and international environmental regulations and emissions standards.
Petrochemicals are chemical products derived from petroleum. Some chemicals compounds made from petroleum are also obtained from other fossil fuels, such as coal or natural gas, or renewable sources such as corn or sugar cane.
The two most common petrochemical classes are olefins (including ethylene and propylene) and aromatics (including benzene, toluene and xylene isomers). Oil refineries produce olefins and aromatics by fluid catalytic cracking of petroleum fractions. Chemical plants produce olefins by steam cracking of natural gas liquids like ethane and propane. Aromatics are produced by catalytic reforming of naptha. Olefins and aromatics are the building-blocks for a wide range of materials such as solvents, detergents, and adhesives. Olefins are the basis for polymers and oligomers used in plastics, resins, fibers, elastomers, lubricants and gels.
Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth from an orebody, lode, vein, seam or reef, which forms the mineralized package of economic interest to the miner.
Ores recovered by mining include metals, coal, oil shale, gemstones, limestone, dimension rock, rock salt, gravel and clay. Mining is required to obtain any material that cannot be grown through agricultural processes, or created artificially in a laboratory or factory. Mining in a wider sense includes extraction of any non-renewable resource such as petroleum, natural gas, or even water.
Water treatment and distribution offers significant opportunities for Valve Distributors. With our range of Dezurik Knifegate valves & Eccentric Plug valves, Challenger Butterfly valves and Rotork Electric and Pneumatic actuators.
With climate change affecting the availability of water in many areas of the world, there is an increasing need for processes which will maximise existing resources such as desalination plants and water re-use projects.
Valve Distributors Pty Ltd
Welcome to Valve Distributors’ website. For more than 40 years Valve Distributors have been synonymous with Industrial valves in Australia. We continue to expand and evolve our products and services to meet the changing demands of the Australian market.
We trust that our website will provide you with a further insight into our latest product range, the Industries we serve and services we offer. We hope you find our website of interest and we look forward to assisting you now and well into the future.